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The Backstreet Cultural Museum officially opened its doors in 1999. However, its origins can be traced back three decades to when Sylvester Francis paraded with the Gentlemen of Leisure Social Aid & Pleasure Club. A man photographing the parade wanted Francis to pay $35.00 for his own photograph. To avoid such costs in the future, Francis bought both a Super 8 mm camera and a still camera and began documenting Carnival celebrations,second-line parades, and jazz funerals throughout
New Orleans.

In his mind, he was merely providing a service: “One of my main goals was—I like this culture so much—that if I was to take anybody’s picture, I’d give them a copy.” Little did he know, his generosity would be returned to him over the years in the form of Mardi Gras Indian costumes and an array of other cultural artifacts and memorabilia that today make up the Backstreet Cultural Museum.

In 1988, Francis began displaying his photographs and Mardi Gras Indian memorabilia in his two-car garage in the “back streets” of the historic Tremé neighborhood. When Chief Victor Harris of the Mandingo Warriors “Spirit of Fi Yi Yi” Mardi Gras Indians and social aid and pleasure club members heard about the display, they donated costumes and parade umbrellas. During this period, Francis developed invaluable relationships with Mardi Gras Indians, culture bearers, and parade followers. As the “baby museum” grew, so did the attention it received.

Francis’ friend and former employer, Joan Brown Rhodes, of the Rhodes Funeral Home, immediately recognized the collection’s potential and began bringing tour groups to view it. When the Rhodes’-owned Blandin Undertaking Co. on St. Claude Avenue closed, Ms. Rhodes suggested that the exhibition move into the building. While Francis was hesitant at first, he finally accepted the offer and the Backstreet Cultural Museum was born.

The Backstreet Cultural Museum was incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1999, and a board of directors was formed to support the organization. The positive response to housing the museum in the historic Faubourg Tremé neighborhood was both immediate and overwhelming. "People started calling me and giving me all this stuff," Francis said. "The majority of the people giving me this was people I had given a picture to.”

Today, the Backstreet Cultural Museum holds the world’s most comprehensive collection related to New Orleans’ African American community-based masking and processional traditions, including Mardi Gras Indians, jazz funerals, social aid and pleasure clubs, Baby Dolls, and Skull and Bone gangs. The museum’s filmed records of over 500 events constitute the most cohesive archive documenting these cultural traditions.

In addition to its permanent exhibits, the Backstreet Cultural Museum hosts public performances of music and dance, provides outreach programs, and creates an annual book, Keeping Jazz Funerals Alive, that chronicles the year’s jazz funerals.

The Backstreet Cultural Museum collaborates with other institutions to share New Orleans’ culture with a wide audience. The museum provides annual exhibitions at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival and the Essence Festival. Backstreet’s collections were featured in the Ogden Museum of Southern Art’s exhibition, “Mardi Gras Indians, Jazz Funerals and Second-Line Parades: Works from the Backstreet Cultural Museum.” As part of Prospect.1 New Orleans, the largest biennial of international contemporary art in the United States, the New Orleans Museum of Art’s exhibition showcased Chief Victor Harris’ Mardi Gras Indian suits as well as Sylvester Francis’ photographs and films from the Backstreet Cultural Museum.

The Backstreet Cultural Museum is a pillar in the Tremé community where second-line parades begin and end, the North Side Skull and Bone Gang and Mardi Gras Indians congregate on Mardi Gras day, and schoolchildren identify family members in the photographs on the wall. The museum is active in Tremé and promotes art and culture as important to the neighborhood’s identity and future.

The Backstreet Cultural Museum educates diverse constituencies about New Orleans’ African American heritage. Each year, the museum attracts visitors from around the country and the globe.

Backstreet Mardi Gras Indians Exhibit

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